Key milestones of Zimbabwe’s Ex-leader - Robert Mugabe
Tiamiyu Saheed Oluwatosin
Ex-President of Zimbabwe, Robert Mugabe, died in the early hours of Friday at the age of 95.
Recall that Mugabe, the longest-serving president of Zimbabwe, was forced to resign in 2017 following a protracted intraparty crisis.
The following are key milestones in the life of Zimbabwe’s Ex-leader Robert Mugabe compiled by Reuters.
1924 says Mugabe is born on Feb. 21 in what was then British-ruled Southern Rhodesia.
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1940s-1950s says He is educated at Catholic schools and attends South Africa’s University of Fort Hare.
He teaches in Zambia and Ghana, where he is influenced by African independence movement leaders.
1960s says Mugabe campaigns for Zimbabwe’s independence and is imprisoned in 1964 for political agitation.
While incarcerated, he earns two law degrees from the University of London External Programme.
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1974 says Released from prison, he escapes to Mozambique were Zimbabwe African National Union guerrilla fighters elect him to lead their struggle against white minority rule.
A number of rivals die in suspicious circumstances, rights groups say.
1980 says Mugabe’s ZANU-PF party wins independent Zimbabwe’s first election. He takes office as prime minister on April 18.
1982 says Mugabe deploys North Korean-trained troops to crush an insurgency by Ex-guerrillas loyal to his liberation war rival Joshua Nkomo.
Government forces are accused of involvement in the killing of 20,000 civilians, which Mugabe denies.
1987 says He becomes president with sweeping executive powers after changes to the constitution and signs a unity pact with Nkomo, who becomes one of his two deputies.
1990 says ZANU-PF and Mugabe win parliamentary and presidential elections.
1998 says An economic crisis marked by high-interest rates and inflation sparks riots.
2000 says Zimbabweans reject a new constitution in a referendum, Mugabe’s first defeat at the ballot box.
Thousands of independence war veterans and their allies, backed by the government, seize white-owned farms, saying the land was illegally appropriated by white settlers.
2001 says The United States puts a financial freeze on Mugabe’s government in response to land seizures, beginning a wave of Western sanctions.
Mugabe’s relationship with the West, especially the U.S. and Britain, never recovers.
2002 says Mugabe wins a disputed presidential vote, which observers condemn as flawed.
Zimbabwe is suspended from the British Commonwealth over accusations of human rights abuses and economic mismanagement.
Mugabe pulls his country from the grouping the following year.
2008 says Hyperinflation reaches 500 billion percent, the nadir of an economic implosion that forces millions of people to leave the country, many to neighboring South Africa.
says Mugabe loses a presidential vote but wins the run-off after opponent Morgan Tsvangirai withdraws citing violence against his supporters by security forces and war veterans.
A power-sharing agreement is signed.
2010 says Media reports say Mugabe is seriously ill with cancer, speculation that continues in following years.
2013 says Mugabe wins another disputed presidential vote.
Western observers site multiple accounts of electoral fraud.
2016 says Protesters led by a pastor stage the biggest show of defiance against Mugabe in a decade, prompting speculation about life after the veteran leader.
2017 says Mugabe is forced to resign in November following an army coup and is replaced by Emmerson Mnangagwa, the man he had fired as his deputy two weeks earlier.
2018 says Mugabe is seen in public for the first time since leaving power.
He berates his Ex-ZANU-PF allies and backs opposition leader Nelson Chamisa on the eve of an election.
2019 says Mugabe travels several times to Singapore to seek medical treatment as pictures of the gaunt, gray-haired Ex-leader circulate on social media.
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